Newspaper Buildings

 


   Below you will find a BRIEF description of the evolution of some of the newspapers in Cincinnati from the very first in 1793 to 1958 and the combining of the Cincinnati Times-Star and the Cincinnati Post to form the Cincinnati Post & Times Star. The mastheads of the named newspapers are shown along with the description.

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   There was a time in Cincinnati when there were more newspapers printed in German than in English. Over the years some 200 German newspapers began and ceased here. The first local paper was the Die Ohio Chronik, started in the early 1830s. The Die Weitburger was the second in 1834. The following year the daily Volksblatt appeared and would serve Cincinnati's German population until 1920 when it was absorbed by the Freie Presse which had also been established in 1835. It was the forerunner of the Cincinnati Kurier.

THE  VOLKSBLATT

Library  1 horz.jpg (100901 bytes)                        Library.jpg (260139 bytes)
                                                                        Not a postcard

   The Volksblatt was the most influential German-American newspaper in the Ohio Valley. You can see their building to the right in the postcard, on the left, of the Cincinnati Library on Vine Street above. The next image is another angle of these buildings. During the next year the following German newspapers were started: the Westlicher Merkur; The first German Catholic newspaper in the United States, Der Wahrheits freund; the German Lutheran, Der Protestant; the German Methodist, Der Christliche Apologete.

Masthead
Wahrheits-Freund 1837-1907.jpg (199590 bytes)
Wahrheits Freund. 1837-1907 

   By 1910 the two major German newspapers, the Volksblatt and the Freie Presse, had a combined circulation of 110,000 due to the fact that around the turn of the century almost one half of the population was of German heritage. After WWII most German newspapers started to use the English language, many also began to use the newsletter format.

 

CINCINNATI  DAILY  GAZETTE

Gazette-Booth article.jpg (961742 bytes)                                                       Cincinnati Daily Gazette Envelope.jpg (41536 bytes)

   The above Gazette edition has the news of the death of President Lincoln and on the same page (follow the dotted line) advertises the play at Pike's Opera House starring the brother of the man who shot Lincoln, Junius Brutus Booth. The show was quietly closed and all signs removed, Booth carefully snuck out of town. The right hand image shows an envelope from the Daily Gazette. 

 

Paper.jpg (394177 bytes)
The Big Three

 

Times Star newsboys.jpg (137281 bytes)*
Newsboys

 

CINCINNATI  TIMES  STAR

Times-Star Building.jpg (226717 bytes)                    Times Star Building 1.jpg (104418 bytes)
6th & Walnut

   The Times Star was begun on June 15, 1880 with the merger of the Spirit of the Times (begun in 1840) and the Cincinnati Daily Star (1872). Charles Phelps Taft and his father-in-law, David Sinton (Sinton Hotel). Taft's nephew Hulbert Taft became the publisher after his uncle retired, he was succeeded by David Ingalls, grandson of Charles P. Taft and grandnephew of President William Howard Taft. The non-postcard image above is the Times-Star Building that was built in 1892 on the n.e.c. of 6th and Walnut. The 2nd image is a postcard showing the building at night.

Times-Star Delivery Boys.jpg (705065 bytes)                                Jos.Garretson-Times-Star.jpg (216544 bytes)
Newsboys waiting for papers                                    Joseph Garretson    
                                                                                     Editor

   The last image above is a newspaper depiction of the editor around 1904.

1933 Times Star Article 1.jpg (434846 bytes)    1933 Times Star Article 2.jpg (446002 bytes)    1933 Times Star Artilcle 3.jpg (498406 bytes)
1933 Article on Times-Star building construction

Times Star Building.jpg (127566 bytes)        Times Star 1.jpg (220162 bytes)        Times Star 2.jpg (209458 bytes)        Cincinnati Post & Times Star.jpg (360155 bytes)

Times-Star Cartoon.jpg (129063 bytes)                        Cincinnati Times Star Ad.jpg (232152 bytes)
                                                                         1935 Ad

   In 1933 the 16 story building you see in the postcard and 3 photographs in the middle row above was constructed. The first six floors were the printing plant and the remainder were offices. Some of the architectural details of this Art Deco style building include a massive arch entrance with stunning bronze grillwork, elevators that are adorned with mythological women, the tower corners are topped with the symbols of journalism: Truth, Speed, Patriotism, and Progress. The airplane beacon on top is shaped like an urn, there is a newsboy entrance, printers Benjamin Franklin and Johannes Gutenberg are among the bas-relief decorations.

Door Of Times-Star Building.jpg (291818 bytes)
Entrance

   In the 1950s Cincinnati's three afternoon papers were having financial problems, the big three needed to become two. The Tafts tried to buy the morning paper the Enquirer, instead the other afternoon paper the Post bought the Times-Star in July 1958. The Post then moved into the Times-Star building and began operation as The Cincinnati Post and Times-Star until January 1, 1974 when Times-Star vanished from the masthead.
   In 1984 the newspaper moved to Court Street and, in 1991, the building was purchased by Hamilton County to house the Court of Domestic Relations. The structure is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

 

CINCINNATI  POST

Cincinnati Post.jpg (199455 bytes)            Charles Mosher-Cinti Post.jpg (350022 bytes)        Ren. Mulford-Cinti Post.jpg (429772 bytes)
                                                       Charles Mosher          Ren. Mulford 
                                                        Secy. & Treas.            Sports Editor

   The Post was first published on January 3, 1881 and was called The Penny Paper (guess how much it cost). James Scripps joined the paper and within two years he and his brother, Edward, took over and renamed the paper The Evening Post. Operations were moved to Longworth Street (between 5th & 6th Streets) and Elm, seen in the non-postcard image above. Scripps also became interested in news service companies. He combined 3 small regional news services in 1907 and created United Press, later United Press International (UPI). The Scripps Howard companies bought into broadcasting and other publishing interests. The Howard in the name came from Ron Howard the assistant managing editor of the Post and president of UPI.
   Financial problems with afternoon papers in the 1970s forced the Post and the Enquirer to join their printing, circulation, and business departments into one, but the two newsrooms and editorial departments were to remain completely separate. The Post subsequently moved to offices on East Court Street.
   Of course the Cincinnati Post ceased operations at the end of 2007.

 

COMMERCIAL  TRIBUNE

   The Commercial Tribune located at 4th and Race was absorbed by the Enquirer in 1930. The Tribune produced this set of postcards. This is another example of me showing some of my Northern Kentucky postcards in order to show a more complete grouping. I believe that these 16 cards constitute a complete set.

Commercial Tribune back.jpg (92632 bytes)
 Back of all these cards 

Commercial Tribune.jpg (85137 bytes)                St Peters-z6.jpg (62057 bytes)                Tribune Chamber of Commerce.jpg (305906 bytes)                Tribune City Hall.jpg (330034 bytes)
San Francisco Earthquake        St. Peters Cathedral            Chamber of Commerce                    City Hall                

Post Office-z7.jpg (81100 bytes)        Armory-z3.jpg (94475 bytes)        Tribune Fountain.jpg (361633 bytes)        Jewish Hospital-1.jpg (76082 bytes)
             Post Office                                   Armory                           Esplanade & Fountain                 Jewish Hospital         

 

Tower-z19.jpg (87168 bytes)        Tribune Fourth Street.jpg (191341 bytes)        Tribune Suspension Bridge.jpg (176717 bytes)        uc-d16.jpg (92149 bytes)
Art Academy & Museum        4th St. East From Race St.             Suspension Bridge               University of Cincinnati   

 

Tribune Covington City Hall.jpg (160888 bytes)        Tribune Covington Courthouse.jpg (182046 bytes)        Tribune Newport Courthouse.jpg (178068 bytes)        Tribune Newport Post Office.jpg (154105 bytes)
 Covington, KY City Hall            Covington, KY Library           Newport, KY Courthouse         Newport, KY Post Office  

 

CINCINNATI  ENQUIRER

1st Enquirer.jpg (1158383 bytes)

   One week after the death of President Harrison the Enquirer began publishing. Above is the front page of the very first edition of the Enquirer, 4/10/1841. The print in this edition was set by hand, letter by letter. The papers circulation was around 1,000. It began as an afternoon paper but, by 1843, it began printing in the morning so that it could be delivered by mail the same day. By 1848 it became the 5th paper in the nation to produce a Sunday edition.
   When President Lincoln was assassinated the Enquirer was late with the story because the paper had closed for the day so that their employees could join in the celebration of the ending of the Civil War.
   The first offices and plant of the paper began on the south side of 5th Street east of Main. It then moved to the east side of Vine Street just south of 4th. On March 22, 1866 a fire destroyed Pike's Opera House on 4th Street and as the Enquirer was next door, it was also consumed. The paper only missed one day of publication because the competing newspapers allowed their facilities to be used. The Enquirer rebuilt at 247 Vine Street. This is the site for the Enquirer for the next 126 years (it was renumbered 617 Vine in the 1890s.) 

Atlantic Gardens-Palace-Enquirer.jpg (681827 bytes)                            Enquirer Delivery Newsboys.jpg (322322 bytes)
Enquirer in 1903                                         Delivery of the paper  

   In 1926 a new building was carefully constructed around the old one in such a way that the paper never missed publishing once.
   In 1952 the paper was put up for sale and the Cincinnati Times-Star offered $7.5 million, but the Enquirer's employees angered at the possibility of a rival newspaper buying the Enquirer raised $7.6 million and purchased the paper themselves. Within 3 years disagreements among  the board members erupted and the paper was again put up for sale in 1955. This time the Cincinnati Post out-bid the Times-Star.
   Then in 1958 the Post bought out the Times-Star and shut it down. Anti-trust laws forced the Post to divest itself of the Enquirer in 1971.
   In 1977 the Enquirer and the Post entered into a joint operating agreement where the Enquirer would handled the printing and operations for both papers while the editorial divisions were separate.  In 1997 new printing facilities were opened on Western Avenue, printing both The Enquirer and The Post. The agreement was for thirty years and was ended in 2007 at which time the Post was closed for good.
   With the demise of the Cincinnati Post in December of 2007, the Cincinnati Enquirer was now "King of the Hill" all competition had been eliminated. 

Enquirer Building 3.jpg (397307 bytes)            Cincinnati Enquirer 1.jpg (123106 bytes)            Cincinnati Enquirer 2.jpg (127324 bytes)    
617 Vine Street

   The Enquirer has gone thru many owners over the intervening years, the last being the Gannett Co. Inc. The publisher, Margaret E. Buchanan, is a Cincinnati native who is the newspaper's first woman publisher. In 1992 The Enquirer moved into their new headquarters at 312 Elm St.
   The old Enquirer Building will now be converted into a 238 room hotel plus 12,000' of retail space on the ground floor. SREE Hotels LLC of North Carolina plans to open by the end of 2014. 
   On March 11, 1913 the printing facilities on Western Avenue were closed for good with all editions being printed in Dayton, Ohio. It was also the day the Enquirer ceased printing the paper in the "Old" style and began printing in the new compact size.

Cincinnati Enquirer Headquarters 312 Elm St..jpg (356851 bytes)        Cincinnati Enquirer.jpg (499247 bytes)
New Enquirer Headquarters

 

THE  STARCHROOM  PUBLISHING  CO,

Starchroom Ad.JPG (61626 bytes)    Tip Top Laundry.jpg (235323 bytes)    Tip Top Laundry back.jpg (96435 bytes)    Burkhart Bros Clothing Ad.jpg (273517 bytes)    Burkhardt back.jpg (103948 bytes)
Starchroom Ad.                                        Tip Top Laundry                                                              Burkhardt Clothing                

   The Starchroom Publishing Co. published a journal for professional laundry businesses that was located in the Goodall Bldg. at 330 W. Ninth St. It did not offer any insights for the individual homeowner. They also offered postcards with each subscription that would advertise their product as seen in the Tip Top Laundry card. I don't believe the second, Burkhardt Clothing card has any relationship with the Starchroom company