Ahrens-Fox Fire Engines

 


AHRENS-FOX FIRE ENGINE COMPANY

   The catalogs of the Ahrens-Fox Fire Engine Company alluded to the fact that their company was directly connected to the inventor of the steam pumper. This claim was made because in 1868 they had bought the business from Lane and Bodley who had, in 1862, bought out Alexander B. Latta (1821-1865). Latta has long been touted as the first inventor of the steam fire engine, (the Uncle Joe Ross in 1852). This claim has since been disproved. John Braithwaite in 1828 built an experimental steam fire engine in London. He along with John Ericsson had, by 1833, built 4 more engines that were used in France, Russia, and Berlin. Paul R. Hodge produced a steam fire engine in N.Y. in 1840-41. Like most myths this one will no doubt continue.
   In March of 1852, a Cincinnati locksmith named Abel Shawk, a railroad locomotive builder named Alexander Bonner "Moses" Latta, and a iron-foundry owner named Miles Greenwood, joined forces to build the world's first successful steam-powered fire engine. Their demonstration was so successful the city of Cincinnati contracted with them to build a fire engine for them. Shawk's  quick-steaming boiler, which could heat the water to steam in under 10 minutes, made the steam fire engine practical., while Latta lent his locomotive expertise to the steam engine, pump, and chassis.
   Shawk and Latta, along with Latta's brothers Edmnundson and Finlay Latta formed the A. B. & E. Latta "Buckeye Works" to build the engine.  Greenwood's factory was used to build the engine called the Uncle Joe Ross after the city councilman who had championed the building of the engine.
   Miles Greenwood, who was also a city councilman, became the city's (thus the worlds) first professional paid fire chief running the first paid fire department.
   The Ross was so popular that in 1854 the citizens of Cincinnati raised the funds to buy a second fire engine aptly named Citizen's Gift.
   There was a young apprentice working for Shawk and Latta in their factory by the name of Chris Ahrens. When Shawk and Latta sold their business in 1863 to Lane & Bodley, a local machine shop, Chris Ahrens became superintendent of fire engine construction. Five years later Ahrens bought out the Latta fire engine business, renaming it C. Ahrens & Co.

Lane & Bodley Works.jpg (530110 bytes)                Lane & Bodley-Steam Engines-John & Water Sts..jpg (139206 bytes)                    Lane & Bodley Co..jpg (63652 bytes)
      Lane & Bodley.           John & Water Streets                                            1894 Ad.

 

Lane & Bodley Fire Engine.jpg (856494 bytes)
Lane & Bodley Fire Engine

 

    Lane & Bodley-Foundry.jpg (199561 bytes)    Lane & Bodley-Boiler Shop.jpg (198880 bytes)    Lane & Bodley-Finishing Shop.jpg (195932 bytes)    Ahrens 2.jpg (189837 bytes)    Ahrens 3.jpg (182187 bytes)
Foundry                             Boiler Shop                         Finishing Shop                                                                        

   In 1877, Ahrens renamed his company the Ahrens Manufacturing Company. By 1903, Ahrens fire engines held every world record for steam fire engine performance. When one was broken a new Ahrens engine would set a new record.
   In 1891 Ahrens merged with three of its biggest competitors to form American Fire Engine Company. Chris Ahrens' son-in-law, Charles Hust Fox, left his position as assistant Chief of the Cincinnati Fire Department to join the Ahrens firm. One of Mr. fox's innovations was the Fox Vertical Water Tube Boiler, which could raise steam from cold water in 3 minutes, and the "Columbian' steamer, the world's first pumper to carry its own hose. Before this a steamer required a separate hose wagon to carry its hoses. In 1902 Fox helped develop the world's first gasoline-powered fire engine.
   In 1905 after a protracted legal battle, the Ahrens family separated the company from the conglomerate that had grown over the years. It became the Ahrens Fire Engine Company. The company's new type of fire engine was the "Continental", it was third in sales and again garnered every world record, delivering the highest gallons per minute, the greatest pressure, pumping through the longest length of hose lines, and shooting streams further and higher than any other make of steamer of the day.

Ahrens machine shop in 1905 shop1905.jpg (108358 bytes) Located at Alfred & Cook Sts.

Ahrens name patch.jpg (130833 bytes)
Ahrens name patch

   In 1910 the company became the Ahrens-Fox Fire Engine Company. They introduced the first gasoline powered fire engine in 1911.
   The company lasted until the last fire engine left the factory in 1953 on Christmas Eve. Spare parts continued to be supplied for the next 37 years. 
   The 2nd image below is a model of Latta's first engine. (Cincinnati Fire Museum). The 3rd image shows the original 3 wheel design of Latta's in this engine called Deluge. It was designed for engine house #10 at the corner of Third and Lawrence shown in 1868. The fourth was taken in 1870. The next row down shows what happens when a building collapses on top of a fire engine. The building to the right is the Cincinnati Hotel which was located at 821 Sycamore St.

Alexander Latta.jpg (84836 bytes)                Model of 1st engine.jpg (468290 bytes)            Deluge-1868.jpg (618229 bytes)            Ahrens engine 1870.JPG (30243 bytes)
Alexander Latta                      Model of 1st Fire Engine        1868-3rd and Lawrence Sts.               1870 Fire Engine        

 

Cincinnati-Wrecked Fire Engine.jpg (89133 bytes)                                        Arhrens-Fox Mfg. Co. Interior.jpg (508402 bytes)
                                                                                                Spring Grove Factory

 

POSTCARDS

Ahrens-Fox-1.jpg (132686 bytes)        Ahrens-Fox-2.jpg (86380 bytes)        Ahrens-Fox-3.jpg (117351 bytes)        Piston Pumper-Ahrens-Fox.jpg (132002 bytes)
Factory at 22-26 Webster St                                                                                                           Piston Pumper            

 

* Old Joe Ross-Ahrens.jpg (119996 bytes)           Ahrens Test Continental.jpg (191974 bytes)    Ahrens Test 8-12-08.jpg (287654 bytes)            Ahrens-fox pump.jpg (235578 bytes)
       Old Joe Ross                                     Continental  Delivery  Test                               Pump and Hose Car

 

Ahrens-Rox PC.jpg (371457 bytes)
Test or Demonstration

 

Ahrens Fox Continental Detroit.jpg (339371 bytes)    Ahrens Fox Continental Detroit back.jpg (223465 bytes)
Continental delivered to Detroit Michigan.

 

*Continental-The Modern Fire Engine,.jpg (138042 bytes)    Ahrens-Continental.jpg (154017 bytes)  *Continental Fire Engine.jpg (73118 bytes)    Ahrens Fox Continental-cc.jpg (111043 bytes)  *Continental- The Ahrens Fox Fire.jpg (31768 bytes)
 Ahrens Continental

 

Ahrens-Fox Fire Engine ad.jpg (138288 bytes)                    Steam Fire Engines-1894.jpg (60194 bytes)
 Ahrens print ads                1894